So you’ve decided to create a mobile/web app. Great! Now you must be confused about which technology to use for your web/app development project.
If you are, then you’re not the only one. With so many options available, deciding which route to take can be challenging, but it’s great that you’ve narrowed it down to React vs React Native you’re on the right track.
Table of Content
- 1 React vs React Native Overview
- 2 History of React and React Native
- 3 What is React (React JS)?
- 4 Features of React (React JS) – What makes it so popular?
- 5 What is React Native?
- 6 Features of React Native – What makes it so popular?
- 7 What is the difference between React (React JS) and React Native?
- 8 Which is better, React or React Native?
- 9 Conclusion:
React vs React Native Overview
So, if you’re planning to build a Web Application, you must go with React JS, and if you want to develop a Mobile Application for your project, React Native would be your best choice.
But that is not enough, right? Before starting your project, you need to know all the details about React JS vs React Native.
Let’s dive deeper into how these two technologies differ and what you should know in detail to make an informed decision. In this article, you will learn:
- History of React and React Native
- What is React JS?
- Features of React (React JS) – What makes it so popular?
- What is React Native?
- Features of React Native – What makes it so popular?
- React (React JS) vs. React Native: What’s the difference?
- Which is better, React or React Native?
History of React and React Native
React was created by Jordan Walke, a software engineer at Facebook. He was influenced by XHP, an HTML component framework for PHP. It was first deployed on Facebook’s newsfeed in 2011 and later on Instagram in 2012.
React Native, on the other hand, was introduced by Facebook in 2015 as a way to improve mobile app user experience (UX). React Native uses the same design as React, but instead of using web components, it uses native components. This makes React Native apps look and feel more like native apps.
Now that you have a crisp history of React and React Native let’s dive into each technology to see what they can do.
What is React (React JS)?
The secondary purpose of using React is to build large applications with data that changes over time. When the data changes, React will update the component automatically. This makes your web app more responsive and fast.
Features of React (React JS) – What makes it so popular?
As you must be aware of its popularity, we would like to share some of the features that make React so popular:
React lets you make an app based on small, reusable pieces called components. This makes your code easy to read and maintain because each component has a particular logic written in JS.
React is Declarative
React is declarative, which means that it makes code easy to read and understand. React will automatically update the component when the data changes. This makes your web app more responsive and fast.
One-Way Data Binding
React uses one-way data binding. This means that the data is passed from parent to child components only. The child component cannot change the data. This makes your code more stable and easy to debug.
React is Open Source
React is open source, meaning anyone can use it for free.
Now that we know React inside out, let us understand React Native.
What is React Native?
React Native is a framework for building native mobile apps using React. It was created by Facebook in 2015 and is used by large companies such as Skype, Tesla, and Walmart.
In other words, with React Native, you can write code once and ship it to both iOS and Android devices. Mobile Applications built using React Native will have 100% native UI and will not suffer from limitations associated with other frameworks.
Features of React Native – What makes it so popular?
Everyone prefers React Native because of its faster approach to mobile app development and flexibility towards code sharing. The apps made with React Native are high-quality and have a better look and feel. The features of React Native are as follows:
Write the code once and use it anywhere:
Faster Mobile App Development:
React Native is UI focused. Mobile app developers can easily create a high-quality and attractive user interface using React Native.
The apps made with React Native are high performing. They use the native components of the platforms to work smoothly on all types of devices.
Support from React Native Community:
React Native has a large community of developers who are always ready to help. The community is active and supports React Native through various channels.
This feature allows you to save time by reloading the app automatically every time the code is changed. This means you do not have to recompile the code every time there is a change.
3rd party plugin support:
React Native supports the use of third-party plugins. This helps in adding native functionality to the app quickly and easily.
Tried & Tested:
React Native has been used by big companies like Facebook, Skype, Walmart, etc., to build their mobile apps. This proves that React Native is a reliable and trusted framework.
Now that we know the features of React Native let us see how it compares to ReactJS.
What is the difference between React (React JS) and React Native?
Differences between React and React Native can be summarized in the following points:
Advantages Between React and React Native
React (React JS)
- Web Development
- It uses HTML tags like <div>,<h1>, etc., for making the UI
- It uses virtual DOM to render browser code, making it faster by avoiding extra memory consumption.
- CSS is used for creating styling
- CSS can enable possibilities of animations
- It is very easy to implement, and no hardcore experience is required
- Advantages of the device hardware or features are less
- High-performing, dynamic, and responsive UI for web interfaces
- Highly cost-effective
- It is a whole framework used for mobile app development
- Mobile App Development
- It uses an in-built tag. like <View>, <Text>,<image>,etc., for making the UI
- It uses native APIs to render components on mobile.
- A stylesheet is used for creating styling
- Animated API is used to enable animation across different components
- It is quite a complex programming language, and a good experience is required to implement it.
- Advantages of device hardware or feature are huge
- Give mobile apps a truly native feeling
- Quite costly
Disadvantages Between React and React Native
As we say, every coin has two faces. So, React and React Native also has some disadvantages that we should know before using them.
React (React JS)
- The HTML syntax makes the code look cluttered and messy.
- JSX extension needs to be configured while working.
- Team extension may bring extra expenditures to project owners.
- Fast development may not be suitable for large projects.
- Lack of proper documentation.
- It has a low-performance rate on older devices as it uses the native components of the device.
- It has a steep learning curve as it is quite a complex programming language.
- The hot reloading feature does not work well with iOS devices.
- External libraries have to be used due to the lack of native components in React Native.
- Facebook can suspend some developers if they somehow violate the patent (Facebook has a unique patent for the technology)
Which is better, React or React Native?
As we can see, both React and React Native have their own set of pros and cons. So, it all comes down to what you want to achieve with your project.
When to use React JS?
Most web developers familiar with React JS recommend using it for projects where you want to achieve:
- High performance on the web interface
- A dynamic and responsive user interface
- An easy-to-implement programming language
- If your existing code base is getting out of hand
When to use React Native?
If you want to create a mobile app, then React Native is your best choice. It will give your app a truly native feeling. React Native is recommended when you want to achieve:
- A truly native app for Android and iOS
- High performance on mobile devices
- A custom design that looks like on both platforms
- A complex programming language
Technologies in the developer world are changing rapidly. It can be challenging to keep up with the new trends and advancements. But, as a developer, it is also essential to have a formal overview and technical skill-set of the changes in the industry.
Until now, it must be clear why React is the preferred front-end UI development tool, right? Now you have to decide whether you want to work on React or React Native. You can make informed decisions depending on the business demand and the project requirements.
If you are looking for someone who can help you develop a high-quality app using React Native or a heavily loaded web app using React. We have a team of skilled React developers who can make your dream project a reality.
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