In layman terms, a framework is a structure underlying a software system, which provides the generic functionality, and on top of that it offers the flexibility to make changes by additional developer-written code, to address the end-users requirements and specifications.
We will provide a brief introduction of these Frameworks, along with their functional advantages, and disadvantages from a developer’s perspective, which may help you to choose the right Framework.
1. React JS
It was developed by Facebook in 2011 and it became open source in 2013. Initially, it used to be known as “FaxJS” and Facebook implement it to rework its Newsfeed feature. React JS development is indeed the most prominent technology disruptor as far as web and mobile application development are concerned.
It introduced a functional and component-based programming method to create highly interactive and immersive user interfaces for small web page applications along with complex web and mobile applications.
React offers an amazing rendering capability by using ‘Virtual DOM’ which renders only active components, rather than rendering the entire webpage, in the process, it enhances the rendering speed manifold.
Features of React.js
It’s a pathbreaking element of React.js, which provides a non-conventional and highly effective way of updating the view in a web application. Whenever an underlying data changes, it creates a new Virtual DOM element of the user interface.
It’s a fact that rendering the Virtual DOM is always faster than rendering the user interface in the browser DOM, hence it increases the speed of rendering manifold.
Declarative and Component-based approach:
It offers a Declarative approach, which makes code easily readable and quite easy to debug and re-process, which helps developers update and render the only necessary components whenever there is any change in the Data. React divides the entire webpage into several self-contained modules which are known as ‘Components’.
These components are used to define the Interactive and Visual elements of the end User interface. Its component-based mechanism helps Developers to create and manage the user interface in a better way.
React offers a fully-fledged W3C object model event system, which provides a cross-browser interface to an event, which enhances the handling of even for non-compatible events.
React events are named using the Camel Case, rather than the usual lowercase method. Developers can pass a function as an event handler rather than a String.
Code stability and Less prone to errors :
It offers Unidirectional directional data flow architecture which gives it an edge over Angular, which adopts a 2-directional data binding process.
This architecture offers the capability of making changes in the child elements without affecting the parent element. It makes the code less prone to error and enhances stability as well.
React is unarguably the most SEO-friendly framework currently available in the market. It enables developers to design web pages with better and high compatibility with the vast variety of search engine crawlers.
Renowned Websites developed using React –
Facebook, Cloudflare, Airbnb, Dropbox, GitHub, Instagram, Video Streaming Netflix, PayPal, Twitter, and Uber.
Read Also: – React vs React Native: Which One to Choose and Why?
2. Vue Js
It was launched in 2014 and since then it has been immensely popular in the market for its amazing features and capabilities.
Features of Vue.js
Extremely simple and lightweight:
Vue.js is extremely simple as far as its design and Application Programming Interface is concerned. On top of that, it has a surprising small size (approx. 20 Kilobytes) which is lighter than all its rivals. It is so simple that a developer can build a simple web or mobile application in a few hours.
In-Built MVC :
It has an out of box Model View and Controller design pattern, that helps developers to configure it quite easily unlike its rivals.
This feature of Vue helps Developers to assign values to web component attributes, assign classes, and change the style.
Cascading Style Sheets Transitions:
Vue offers multiple methods to apply CSS transitions to HTML elements. It also has the additional capability of implementing animations to several web components.
Vue.js offers HTML templates that help in binding the Document Object Model with the Vue.js instance data. It helps developers to use the template of the render functions to perform rendering functions.
Faster Integration capabilities:
Vue offers an extremely fast integration capability and it helps developers to integrate the newly developed web components into existing web applications without experiencing any integration issues.
Easy to learn:
Vue is extremely easy to learn for the developers, it doesn’t require learning JSX or Typescript, as in other rival Frameworks.
Renowned Websites developed using Vue.js:
Adobe, Trivago, Zoom, BMW, Gitlab, Louis Vuitton, Nintendo, Pluralsight, Trustpilot, and Upwork.
3. Angular JS
Angular JS Development is another open-source framework developed by Google to program client-end web applications.
It was launched in 2010 and since then it has attained universal acclaim for its unbelievable functionality and features. However, due to the emergence of its rivals like React.js and Vue.js, Google has massively revamped it and launched Angular 1 in 2016.
Features of Angular.js
Innovative Code Generation capabilities:
Angular has the capability to load only that code to render which has been requested by the end-user. It implements automatic code-splitting, which ensures the quick loading of applications and web pages developed via Angular.
Seamless Third-party integrations:
It has a massive collection of third party integration tools, which enhance the capability of an Application developer to integrate 3rd Party tools and features to improve the quality of an application.
Support for Desktop based applications:
This is one of the biggest advantages of Angular. It offers flexibility to use common Angular methods to develop Desktop applications across multiple platforms and it also has an unmatched ability to access native Operating System Application Programming Interfaces.
Transitions and Animation:
Angular supports the creation of high-performance, immersive transition effects and animation with very little code via its wonderful application programming interface.
Global Community Support:
This is one area where Angular frameworks are way ahead of their rivals. It enjoys massive support from Google along with a constant contribution from the global developer community.
Angular has unarguably the largest documentation along with a massive library containing a vast number of resources, which comes in handy to the Application Developers.
Renowned Websites developed using Angular.js:
Google, IBM, Deutsche Bank, Freelancer, Forbes, IBM, Microsoft Office, Upwork, Walmart, Xbox, and YouTube.
4. Preact JS
Just like React, this is a library, instead of a full-fledged framework. As far as size is concerned, it is hardly 3kb in size, but it still offers its functions. It is also a product of Google, with the addition and removal of a few functionalities of React.
It offers a component-based mechanism along with Virtual Dom and at the same time, it is compatible with React. It can even use React packages without compromising on speed, performance, and leaner size.
In instances where the full potential of React isn’t necessary, most developers even use React during development and switch to Preact for production. Many major companies like Tencent, Uber, and Lyft are using Preact.
Features of Preact.js
If it comes to Memory usage, then Preact wins hands down as it had optimized the functions in such a way that its garbage collector put less effort.
Compatibility with other Frameworks:
As discussed earlier, Preact uses the same ES6 API as React. This means the developers can easily switch to Preact from React in an existing project during production.
Preact.js has an ultra-small size of just 3kb and it has the unique distinction of being the smallest library or framework ever existed. However, when it comes to performance, it surprises with its unbelievable rendering abilities.
Powerful Command-line interface:
It offers a powerful command-line interface tool, which helps developers to create and manage projects without any hassles.
Link State module:
Preact has a distinct ability to optimize the state changes, which is known as the Link State module. It returns a handle function when passed in an event updates component state change automatically.
Renowned Websites developed using Angular:
Dailymotion, Dominos, Financial Times, Housing.com, Pepsi, Rocket Chat, Tencent, and Treebo.
5. Ember JS
It follows the philosophy of Model-View-View-Model architecture. Ember is equipped with a state of the art CLI tool, which is extremely powerful and offers additional capabilities to the developers.
Features of Ember.js
Powerful Ember Command-line interface:
It’s one of its own kind of command-line interface, which helps developers to create and manage the projects, creating several components and controllers using automation. It also offers support to install and integrate 3rd party dependencies.
Backward Compatibility with previous versions:
It offers backward compatibility with the previous version, another big feature that helps developers a lot.
Simple Application programming interface:
Ember offers one of the simplest mechanisms to work seamlessly with different application programming interfaces.
Convention over Configuration Philosophy:
Ember works on the philosophy of “ Convention over Configuration”, which ensures that Developers do have not to think about any configuration in most cases, and they can work on coding and developing the web application.
Massive Documentation and Community support:
It enjoy the availability of huge documentation and tutorials, which can help a novice to get started easily.
Inbuilt Inspector Tool:
It is equipped with an Inspector tool extension for different browsers, which enables real-time monitoring and modification of applications.
2 Way Data Binding:
Ember offers Bi-directional data binding.
Renowned Websites developed using Ember:
LinkedIn, Netflix, TED, Microsoft, Skylight, Square, Yahoo, Twitch tv, and Zendesk.
1. Express JS
It is an important constituent of MERN and MEAN stacks development. it’s the most popular Node framework on GitHub, which proves its credentials.
Features of Express.js
It has simplified and accelerated web application development using Node.js.
Integration with databases:
It offers end-to-end connectivity with all renowned databases like MySQL, Redis, or MongoDB.
It is in the market for almost 10 years and enjoys massive community support with thousands of contributors on GitHub.
Well written documentation:
Express JS development has a unique distinction of having wonderfully written documentation and other support resources.
Express offers the usage of multiple Middleware calls, which are used to execute code, making updates in objects or requests.
Powerful routing mechanism:
It offers a powerful routing mechanism, through which developers can define specific routes based on given URLs and HTTP functions.
Seamless Integration with Template engines:
Express enjoys a seamless integration capability with several template engines like EJS, HAML, and Pug.
It offers seamless backward compatibility with all the previous versions, which helps developers to work on all the versions without many challenges.
Renowned Websites developed using Express.js:
Accenture, IBM, Nike, Myntra, Coursera, Fox, GoDaddy, Sony PlayStation, Twitter, and Yandex.
2. Next JS
It is an end-to-end server-end rendering framework that derives its origin from React. It is based on the philosophy of “Build once, runs everywhere”, which gives it an ability to develop universal applications, which can be operated on Mobile, Desktop, or on the Web. It also offers static generators.
Features of Next JS
Automatic code splitting:
Whenever Next.js detects any changes, it immediately reloads the page.
Highly SEO friendly:
Next.js with its server-side rendering abilities offers a wonderful end-to-end SEO integration and performance. It allows creating the dynamic meta tags and putting them in the head section, which helps in SEO optimization.
Exceptional Server-Side Rendering:
Hence, we get the initial render results while the code is being loaded in the background, this offers a huge advantage to the developers.
Universal Deploy capabilities:
This is an extremely handy feature, as it allows developers to build small static websites and huge enterprise-level applications at the same time.
It also supports the development of web applications, desktop apps, mobile apps, and progressive web applications too.
Renowned Websites developed using Next.js:
Binance, Coinbase, GitHub, Docker, Netflix, Starbucks, Tencent, Twitch, and Uber.
3. Gatsby JS
It was launched in 2015, and it is not known for performing server-end rendering. It rather generates HTML based content at the client’s end, which helps in executing the code at a faster rate.
It also offers strong security features and seamless SEO performance. It comes with multiple plugins that help developers to add enhanced functionalities to the project.
Features of Gatsby JS
It offers strong and implicit security features, that are independent of the server or database.
Supports Progressive Web App Out-of-the-box:
It offers an out of box support for Progressive Web applications, it can convert any website into a full-fledged Progressive Web App, which can provide an amazing experience to the end-user.
Supports Multiple Data sources:
This is one of the most important features of Gatsby, it offers the capability to support multiple data sources like Drupal, Trello, WordPress, Netlify, Contentful, Stripe, etc.
It compiles and optimizes the code using the pre-fetching and lazy loading mechanism and, in the process, it ensures a high level of performance of the website and the applications.
Gatsby generates Static content, which is quite easily readable by most Search engine crawlers, it also offers no hindrance like its rivals, which makes it a highly SEO friendly framework.
Availability of Plugins:
Gatsby enjoys the availability of multiple plugins, which provide developers with an additional ability to use them to perform specific tasks like adding google analytics, Image optimization, caching, or even creating sitemaps. This feature makes the work of developers very easy and they can add functionalities without writing additional codes.
Renowned Websites developed using Gatsby:
Braun, Airbnb, Fabric, Flamingo, Nike, PayPal, Hopper, React, and Snapkit.
Features of Jest
Fast and Reliable:
It assigns a unique global state for all the tests and thus it ensures running multiple tests in parallel. It always runs the previously failed tests first, which helps developers to mitigate any earlier errors.
It also offers the ability to re-organize runs based on the time taken by the test files. These features make it a fast and reliable testing framework.
Code Coverage Flag:
Jest offers code coverage capability by adding a simple flag ‘Coverage’. For this, we don’t need any additional setup or configuration changes.
It helps Jest to collect code coverage information from entire projects, even from untested files. Isn’t this exciting?
Quick and Correct results:
Renowned Websites developed using Jest:
Bla Bla Car, Airbnb, Facebook, Instagram, Spotify, Intuit, Stack, The New York Times, and Twitter.
It offers a huge number of features to the developers and testers, it runs the tests in a serial fashion, and it returns accurate and flexible reporting to the end-user.
Features of Mocha
Multiple installation methods:
Mocha JS could be installed in multiple ways per the project’s needs. It could be installed either locally or globally by running simple commands. Even at the Client’s end, Mocha can be installed by running specific commands.
Supports Asynchronous testing:
It supports asynchronous testing and has features to make it easy to perform asynchronous testing for the code. Testers must invoke the callback once the test if completed, and synchronous testing could be enhanced by omitting the callback. It also offers the capability of writing asynchronous code using the async/await command.
TDD and BDD support:
Unlike its rivals, the Mocha supports both Mocha both Test-Driven Development and Behavior Driven Development environments.
It runs in Web Browser:
This is the biggest strength of Mocha; it is highly compatible with all major web browsers. Hence, Testers can run Mocha on every web browser available in the market.
Renowned Websites developed using Mocha:
Algolia, Clay, Accenture, Code first, Coursera, Principal, Triple Byte, Typeform, Webflow, and Yahoo.
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