Everything you Need to Know Web Development [Complete Guide]

Updated 05 Jan 2024
Published 21 Nov 2022
Satyam Chaturvedi 4012 Views
What is Web Development

Technology now drives society, and the internet has made global communication possible for nearly everyone. We use the web for a myriad of purposes, including but not limited to communicating with people in different parts of the world, gathering data, researching goods and services, and making transactions.

Since the web is so important to our daily lives, everyone should know the fundamentals of what web development is. In fact, many middle and high schools currently provide courses in web design and development.

It is important for entrepreneurs and digital marketers to educate themselves on the fundamentals of web design and development.

However, if you need any assistance in developing your business’s website, you may count on the most reliable web development company – Arka Softwares. In this blog, we have provided you with a guide to web development fundamentals to help you gain a deeper understanding of the subject.

What is Web Development?

The term “web development” refers to the overall process of creating a website. It’s not just about writing code, as most laymen assume.

Everything that goes into making a website is part of web development, from scripting to server setup to networking security to administrative system development.

Before we go any further in the topic of “what is web development”, let’s go over some of the most popular terminologies you’ll come across while you study web development:


This is the device of the end user. In your context, it is the computer or device you are currently using to view this page. Everything the end user sees and does is considered to be on the client side.


The server is the central hub from which all other computers and devices access information, files, services, and applications. Simply put, if the client can send requests, the server will receive, process, and resend them.

Terminologies of Web Development


A protocol is a predetermined set of procedures for exchanging information between computers. Perhaps you’re already aware of the most popular ones like HTTP, FTP, etc.


The goal of creating this protocol was to make it easier for browsers and servers to communicate with one another. Essentially, it acts as a go-between, bridging the communication gap between a client and a server. It establishes a link between your browser and the server, letting you view pages and websites online.


Typically, clients and servers utilize this common network protocol to exchange data. Using File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is the standard practice when making updates to a website during development. A big number of files can be uploaded to a server with its help.

IP Address

The internet protocol (IP) address is a string of digits that is used to identify a particular device or website on the internet.

Programming language

There are many different programming languages used to create software. In addition to unique words and structures, each language also has its own set of grammatical rules that are used to interpret and execute commands by software and hardware. Among the most popular programming languages for web development are Java, Python, SQL, and C++.

Content Management System (CMS)

Any website can benefit from utilizing a CMS because of its ability to develop and organize online content. Website development is facilitated by the availability of these building blocks, which may be used to establish code structure.

Web Design vs. Web Development

Web Design Web Development
Overview A web designer’s job is using software like Photoshop to create mockups and design layouts for websites.

Web designers who want to expand their skill sets into web programming might study markup languages like HTML, CSS, JavaScript, or jQuery.

Web developers are the coders who take wireframes and mockups and turn them into working websites using markup languages like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. They do not contribute to the process of developing a website’s essential color palettes, typefaces, visual, audio, and content assets.
Education Professional web designers typically hold specialized degrees or certifications in the field. Obtaining a two-year certificate or four-year degree in web development is necessary for entry-level work.
Skills Needed A web designer should have a firm grasp of the fundamentals of HTML and CSS. A web developer should grasp the fundamentals of several programming languages, including PHP, ASP.net, Perl, and Java.
Job Titles Web authoring, web design, web administration, and UI design. Project Supervisor, Web Developer, Data Architect, System Admin, etc.

Components of Web Development

You can’t deny the significance of having a website for your organization in terms of attracting new and higher-quality customers. So, what makes a website amazing as opposed to just good? Here are the top 10 features any good website should have:

Components of Web Development


It’s important that the website’s design is intuitive, and that the menu options are readily available from any page. The user should constantly be aware of their current location on the webpage and be able to quickly navigate to any other page.

If accessible, a site map is an excellent idea that should be implemented. Although seemingly obvious, this is an area where the majority of websites may be enhanced.

Graphic Design

In order to pique your audience’s interest, it’s important to appeal to their visual senses by including high-quality visuals on your website. The average person only spends approximately one-tenth of a second on a website, so it’s crucial to make a good impression quickly.

But moderation is key; excess is counterproductive. Web designers should employ flash intros, animation, and sliding text sparingly to maximize impact.


Your website wouldn’t exist without this. Not only does the quality of your content affect how well your site performs in search engines, but it is also the primary reason people visit your site. The content on your website should be well-written and straightforward.

More than anything else, well-planned web content and copywriting will make your site’s design interesting, useful, and well-liked.

Web Friendly

A website’s design is meaningless if it isn’t accessible via web browsers, regardless of how well-informed, aesthetically pleasing, and user-friendly it may be.

For your website to be successful, it is crucial that your web designers understand how to optimize it for all the popular browsers and implement techniques like meta tags, alternate text for images, and so on.

developing your business’s website


An efficient layout for your website is one that draws people in right away, keeps them interested throughout their whole stay, and ultimately leads to contact being made.

The ultimate purpose of your website is conversion. There is, once more, a thin line between “interaction” and “annoyance,” therefore it’s important that you never let the cost of interacting with someone outweigh the benefit.

Information Accessibility

It’s understandable that not every website visitor will be interested in or have time to explore every page. They might have to look up a single piece of information, such as a contact number or physical address. This is why it’s crucial to put the most relevant details in a spot where they can be quickly accessed.


A well-designed website knows its audience’s intentions and wants before they arrive, with intuitive navigation and content placement.

If your site is featured in a search query or directory, it’s crucial to create a single website page that would be specific to the product or service the visitor is looking for rather than making them wade through everything you provide.


If you want people to take you seriously as a company and as a brand, your website ought to reflect that. Your logo, printed materials, and actual storefront should all visually communicate with one another so that customers know exactly where to find you.

Your brand’s recall will be boosted by a site that does this, and your company’s reputation will benefit from the added credibility and professionalism it will convey.


There’s no question that your website has the potential to be the most effective lead generator for your company, therefore it’s crucial that you prioritize customer acquisition through that channel. If you want more conversions and the kind of success you’re looking for, give visitors what they’re looking for.

Why is Web Development Important?

Why is Web Development Important

Establish Credibility

Customers expect nothing less than a seamless user experience while visiting a website. Your online store’s lack of modern design is costing you business.

Companies with out-of-date content or designs are automatically assumed to be fraudulent. Make an investment in your website’s design to instantly captivate visitors and guide them through the sales process.

Having a good first impression is essential. A user’s first impression is formed in the first few seconds. Customers will go elsewhere if they are turned off by your business. You will never get any leads if your website doesn’t look professional.

Get Useful Clicks from Search Engines

The use of Search Engine Optimization (SEO) is crucial for any marketing campaign. Search engine rankings are essential for attracting organic traffic, regardless of your field. Most people now use the Internet to learn about new companies and brands.

The number of people that click on your link after searching for keywords related to your business is based on where you rank in the search engine results pages (SERPs). About 200 on-page and off-page elements are taken into account by Google when ranking a website.

Your website’s visibility in search results is a major driver of traffic and sales. You need a strong SEO strategy, and your website must complement it if you want to achieve any kind of success online, whether that’s increasing sales or signing up new subscribers.

Establish a Strong Web-Based Identity

Websites are available all year round, at any time of the day. They don’t need to be in a specific place. Customers can browse the catalog and place orders whenever they like because information about your items or services is always accessible.

A company’s growth can be propelled to new heights by establishing a strong internet presence. As a result of the recent global epidemic, web development is now more important than ever. Small businesses can save money by not having to rent expensive retail space.

Use Online Marketing

Traditional advertising channels, such as television and radio, are very costly. The center and hub of each digital marketing campaign is its website. The landing pages for all of your social network postings, Google Ads, and inbound links must all be hosted on the same server.

Websites are what really drive credibility, therefore social media is still crucial. A customer’s impression of a business is enhanced by a store’s attractive layout. Knowledge, expertise, and trustworthiness are all conveyed.

Outperform Your Competition

Professional web services are a must-have in every business, as they have already been adopted by your main rivals. If your site isn’t up to par, you’ll constantly be at a disadvantage against competitors. 

Spending money on a top-notch user interface and user experience will help your company stand out from the competition. Highlight what makes your product or service stand out from the competition. Give your target market an immediate reason to pick you over the competition.

It is impossible to build brand recognition and loyalty without maintaining a constant visual language across all of your marketing materials.

Each page of your website should be customized by a development team to match your brand’s colors and aesthetic preferences. A well-rounded design strategy aids in the formation of lasting connections in the minds of its viewers.

Types of Web Development

Web development may be broken down into three distinct categories, each of which must be understood before building a website.

Depending on their background and experience, web developers may handle a wide range of projects. Here is a breakdown of the types of web development:

Types of Web Development

Front-End Website Development

Client-side web development is more commonly referred to as front-end web development. Front-end development refers to the process of creating a website’s graphical user interface using markup languages such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

Building a user-friendly interface is a top priority for the front end of any website so that readers can take in the information presented with minimal effort.

Front-End Web developers are tasked with putting the design and aesthetic concepts behind a website into code. The role of a front-end software developer is to translate the designs of other team members into working code, bridging the gap between the design and the technology sides of web development.

Back-End Website Development

Back-end developers focus on the functionality of the server side of a website. Back-end developers are responsible for the logical framework and back-end functionality of a website, including the coding thereof. In particular, it emphasizes back-end components such as APIs, servers, and databases.

You might not be able to tell what kind of technology is being utilized in the background of a web project, even if that’s where the majority of the logic lives.

Full-stack Development

If you’re building websites from the ground up, you’re doing full-stack development. The ideal web developer is well-versed in all aspects of the process, from conceptualization to execution, including design, development, testing, and database management.

The skillset of a full-stack developer includes not just client-side and server-side web application development, but also database management. When it comes to revamping, creating, and speeding up the complete website design and development process, full-stack web developers know what they’re doing.

Depending on the projects, full-stack web engineers are also responsible for keeping an eye on emerging technologies in the field, such as blockchain, deep learning, and multi-cloud.

The Web Development Process

Process of Creating Websites

Planning Process

Creating a plan is the first stage in process of creating websites. This provides a road plan that can assist you in reaching your objective. Establishing both your intended outcome and target demographics is the first step in developing a successful strategy.

What will the focus of your website be? In other words, who will be making use of it? How do you envision people using the site? Finding out the answers to these questions might help you determine the best layout for your site’s visitors.

Establishing a Framework

You may think of a framework as a blueprint for your website; it sets the stage for the remainder of the development cycle. This is essential before proceeding with the site’s aesthetic design and content creation to ensure the final product will satisfy visitors.

The goals you have for building a website should be represented in the wireframe. You should be able to get an idea of how the various pages would look and how they would connect to one another. Your website’s sitemap is a diagram of the many sections and the relationships between them.

Writing the Code

Website development typically necessitates familiarity with multiple programming languages. It’s important that the languages you use to power your website are compatible with one another. Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is used to create the framework for every website.

Writing The Code

The use of Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) will allow you to add visual flair to your website. This code works in all major browsers and adds aesthetic value to your site, making it more appealing to visitors.

Add extra features through JavaScript to improve the user experience even further. If you want to add interactivity, animation, and other forms of dynamic content with minimal effort, this is the language for you.

Front-End Development

Now that you have your wireframe and code written out, you can begin constructing the site’s backend and frontend. If you’ve got two teams working on this, they can accomplish their goals without interfering with each other.

The front-end design is crucial since it is the part of a website that users really interact with. It will be a direct reflection of your goals for the site and will play a significant role in how satisfied your users are.

You can customize your website’s look and feel by adjusting the settings here, including the font family, color scheme, and placement of the navigation menu.

This is also the section where you take care of things like making sure the site works properly in all major browsers and responding quickly to user input.

Implementing The Back-End

Typically, databases and servers have a significant role in process of creating websites. In order to process information and requests, these elements are essential.

A logic code is required while developing the backend of your website since it specifies the relationships between site objects and how those objects should react when a user makes a request.

You’ll also require efficient database administration in order to collect, file, search, and process information. Next, you have to settle on system architecture.

Purchasing a Domain

You are almost ready to launch your website now that you have created the front and back ends. Your IP address can be given out to anybody interested in visiting your website, but you should actually simply register a domain name so it’s easier to remember.

Getting Ready For Launch

Nearly everything on your website is complete. You have completed the full-stack development process by securing a domain name and a hosting account.

Make sure your site works as intended and is free of bugs before releasing it to the public. The initial step in fixing bugs should be to make changes to the code.

In addition to making your site visually appealing, you need also make sure that it is search engine optimized and that it contains enough engaging information to keep visitors engaged. As soon as you are satisfied with how your website looks and functions, you can release it to the public.

How Arka Softwares can help in Web Design and Development?

Looking for any assistance in developing your business’s website? You can get some help from Arka Softwares. We have more than 12 years of experience in web design and would love to put that expertise to work for you.

At Arka Softwares, our web design team has won multiple awards, and we have a wide number of case studies of our work available.

When you hire us for web design and development, we’ll help you with each of the steps of the web development process as mentioned above. You will also be assigned a web development manager who will keep you informed of our progress on your site at all times.

FAQs for Web Development Services

Satyam Chaturvedi

Satyam Chaturvedi is a Digital Marketing Manager at Arka Softwares, a leading app development company dealing in modern and futuristic solutions. He loves to spend his time studying the latest market insights.

Let’s build something
great together!

0 + 2 =

Client Testimonials

Mayuri Desai

Mayuri Desai


The app quickly earned over 1,000 downloads within two months of launch, and users have responded positively. ARKA Softwares boasted experienced resources who were happy to share their knowledge with the internal team.

Abdullah Nawaf

Abdullah Nawaf


While the development is ongoing, the client is pleased with the work thus far, which has met expectations. ARKA Softwares puts the needs of the client first, remaining open to feedback on their work. Their team is adaptable, responsive, and hard-working.

Pedro Paulo Marchesi Mello

Pedro Paulo Marchesi Mello

Service Provider

I started my project with Arka Softwares because it is a reputed company. And when I started working with them for my project, I found out that they have everything essential for my work. The app is still under development and but quite confident and it will turn out to be the best.