.Net vs Java: Best Technology for Software Development?

Updated 08 Feb 2022
Published 28 Jan 2022
Satyam Chaturvedi 2045 Views

What comes to your mind when you think about a language or a framework to develop Enterprise-grade software?

Well, the most popular names that may strike your mind are .Net and Java. Where Java is a full-fledged programming language, and .NET is more of a robust framework.

The most critical decision you must take while developing software is the selection of technology, as that defines and drives a .NET development company.

It is undoubtedly the most daunting task for CTO’s and Software Architects to choose the suitable one among the Java and .Net. 

Well, there is no clear answer as to which one is better in .net vs java, but you may understand the advantages, disadvantages of both the contenders, observe their differences, and then you may select the fitting technology for your enterprise software development project.

What is .Net?

In the late 1990s, Microsoft launched a revolutionary development framework, that was known as Next Generation Windows Services (NGWS). It was later released in the late 2000s as .Net 1.0. .NET is a robust software environment developed by Microsoft to create software that can run on Windows operating system

.net development

.NET comprises of hardware environment Common Language Runtime (CLR), that functions as a virtual machine. It offers seamless interoperability for multiple programming languages, which enables developers to craft software by merging their source code with the ones provided in the framework library. 

It supports C# language, which offers an easy method of asynchronous programming along with LINQ, SQL, and XML. It offers a full-fledged class library, that allows developers to incorporate several additional functionalities in their applications.

.Net is used for?

You can use .Net for the following functions:

  • To access the data from Databases
  • To develop a brilliant user interface
  • Connecting to scaled databases
  • Perform cryptography
  • To develop Network applications 
  • Build high-end web applications
  • Working with complex algorithms

Read Also:- What is the Future Scope of.NET?

Advantages and Disadvantages of .Net

Advantages Disadvantages
Object-Oriented Programming – .NET is based on OOP (object-oriented programming), where the software is separated into smaller modules, that allows developers to work on them concurrently. When all the pieces are completed, developers can combine and manage them effectively. This reduces software development time and complexities. Object-Relational Support Issues – The object-relational programming framework of .NET is also known as the Entity Framework. This framework lacks flexibility when it comes to working with emerging database designs.
Visual Studio IDE – It comes with the Visual Studio IDE (Integrated Development Environment), which allows developers to build software without any hassles, debug them effectively and publish them on various Operating systems and platforms. Licensing cost – Most of the components of the .NET family incur costs in terms of licensing charges, and this cost can stack up gradually. The more complex or demanding the project, the more cost it may incur to you.
Exceptional Caching – .NET offers an exceptional caching mechanism, that makes it highly reliable, as it allows to store the data temporarily. It also allows developers to customize the cache implementation, which helps them to scale the software and enhance the performance. Vendor lock-in – Here the developers have limited control, as the .NET bundle is under Microsoft, and any modifications or limitations they impose will impact the projects developed using the framework.
Universal .NET Standard – Thanks to the .NET Standard that was introduced back in 2016, developing applications using the .NET family means not having to redevelop the same applications for each new platform. This is thanks to the huge class library that is composed of practically of the functions that developers could ask for. Memory Leaks Problems – The memory leaks issue is one limitation of .Net, and it has been heavily criticized for memory-related issues. Though it comes with a full-fledged garbage collector to counter this issue, it needs additional efforts to manage memory resources.
Cross-Platform Development – .NET offers seamless cross-platform application development for multiple operating systems. It is a big boon for developers who prefer different programming languages. It is an open-source framework, that allows developers to make necessary changes to cater to their business demands. Stability Issues with New Releases – You may face challenges with stability while launching new features, updates, and documentation. Although the .Net community is working to remediate such issues, this remains a big pain for developers.

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What is Java?

Java was introduced by Sun Microsystem in 1992, initially, it was labeled under the name of “Oak.” In 1995, the initial version of Java 1.0 was launched along with an open-source platform with Java Development Kit (JDK). Later, all java technologies were re-licensed under the public GNU license. 

Java is a cross-platform, class-based, and object-oriented programming language. It is undoubtedly among the most popular programming languages in the world.

It works in an interesting method, where developers write the code, then it is compiled to bytecode, and then Java Virtual Machine (JVM) converts it to meet the requirements of end-user devices. 

Java Development

Java works on the “Write Once Run Anywhere” principle, where code executable on a specific platform doesn’t need re-compiling on any other platform or device.  Java is utilized to develop solutions for almost every industry, such as eCommerce, finance, stock market, IoT, healthcare Software, or even retail. 

Java enjoys the support of massive communities of supporters and developers. They incessantly generate a lot of fixes, publications, and documentation for users. Java also offers end-to-end backward compatibility that assists developers while building cross-platform development

What is Java is used for?

You can use Java for the following functions:

  • Web applications
  • Desktop applications
  • Mobile application development
  • Complex Gaming applications
  • Distributed computing applications
  • Cloud-based Applications
  • Big Data Technologies
  • IoT Applications

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Advantages and Disadvantages of Java

Advantages Disadvantages
Platform-Independent – Java code can run on any machine, irrespective of its platform or operating system. It doesn’t need installation of any special software, only Java Virtual Machine’s presence is required. Look and Feel – The look and feel of the graphical user interface written in Java via Swing toolkit is quite different from the native applications.
Distributed computing – Java supports Distributed computing, which comprises multiple systems on a network working together to achieve a common objective.  Java allows us to build applications on networks, that can contribute to both application functionality and data simultaneously. Slow Performance – Java is slow and offers slightly poor performance. It consumes higher memory, which makes It slower than the native languages such as C or C++.
Security – Java offers better security as it has no explicit pointer. It also provides a full-fledged security manager that describes and manages the classes and their access. No Unsigned Types – Unlike C++ and C, Java doesn’t support unsigned char and unsigned char. Although with Java 8, the API for unsigned int and unsigned long has been launched.
Memory allocation – In Java, memory is separated into two distinct parts, Heap and Stack. Whenever you declare a variable, the Java virtual machine gives memory from either heap or stack space. It also enables us to store and manage the information with ease. No support for Low-level programming – Java offers no support for low-level programming; we also don’t have the pointers in Java.
Multithreaded – Java offers unprecedented potential for multithreading, where a program can perform multiple tasks simultaneously. Garbage collection – Java offers less or no control over the garbage collection process. It doesn’t provide functions such as free() or delete(), which prevent developers to have the utmost control over garbage collection.

.Net vs Java – Key Differences

In this section, we will explain a few differences between .Net and Java. We will compare both the technologies on various aspects to understand their advantages and shortcomings.

Java Vs .net

Parameters .Net Java
Origin .NET was conceived and launched by Microsoft It is developed by Sun Microsystems
Type It is an open-source framework, that is known as a cross-platform toolset, but mostly supports Windows operating system only. Java is a platform-independent and object-oriented programming language that supports almost every modern operating system.
Integrated Development Environment It comes with a standard Microsoft Visual Studio IDE. Java allows the usage of Multiple third-party IDEs such as IntelliJ IDEA, Eclipse, and NetBeans.
Code execution .NET requires Common Language Runtime (CLR) for code execution. Java needs Java Virtual Machine (JVM) for code execution
Compilation In Java, the Just-in-Time)(JIT) compilation of bytecode/source code to machine code occurs at the class level.  Here the compilation of MSLI code to machine code happens at the method level, which is further processed by an execution environment.
Popularity Microsoft is putting lots of effort to enhance its popularity. Net-specific tools to keep developers engaged in its ecosystem. The multi-platform capabilities and relative maturity make Java more popular among developers and architects in comparison with .Net.
Supported languages .NET supports languages such as C++, C#, Visual Basic, Python, and Ruby. It supports several windows-oriented web services where the above languages can function. Java offers highly portable code, that can be executed in any platform or operating system using JVM (Java Virtual Machine). Java supports various languages such as PHP, JavaScript, R, Python, Golang, and Ruby
Speed of Coding .NET is way ahead of Java in terms of the speed of coding. It is an object-oriented technology that comproses of several reusable components, that enables developers to build applications in lesser time.  Java provides various threads that streamlines the processing and management of sequences of instructions. However, it is not upto the level of .Net.
Performance .NET utilizes native languages like C++ and C#. These languages consume less memory and thus are faster than other contemporary languages. NET optimizes the code, which enables developers to write shorter codes, which means less efforts on code compiling, easier debugging, and enhanced performance. In Java we have a slightly lower level of code optimization, although we have multiple tools to enhance the code performance, it is still not able to match the level of .Net code performance. 
Easiness to Learn .NET and .NET Core technologies are still emerging, and it is easy to learn for those who have learned C and C++. It has comparatively less documentation than Java, although the .Net community is trying its best to offer more knowledge articles to make learning easy for developers. Java enjoys the support of massive user communities, that offer enough resources and documentation, that help developers to acquire the necessary knowledge easily.

Fundamental Questions to ask before choosing .Net vs Java

You must ask a few fundamental questions before selecting a technology for your enterprise software project. The most common questions you must ask and address even before your software development project begins:  

“What level of performance and experience are offered to end-users by our software?” 

“Which user problem we are going to solve with our software?” 

You must have a clear understanding and clarity on the above questions before selecting between .Net and Java. 

Apart from that, we must ponder on the four critical properties, that can help you to envision your software product. a proper vision of your project. We recommend you keep the comparative characteristics of both .Net expert and Java in mind while deciding on your software development project.  

Scope of the project

The project scope must be defined precisely and clearly. You must decide what type of tools, templates, and open-source platforms you might use to deliver the MVP as quickly as possible. A middle-sized project may demand multiple programming languages and frameworks, which also require superior technological expertise.

Online marketplaces, ERP systems, social media platforms, and enterprise-grade solutions require complex technology stacks to offer sophisticated functionalities. Considering all these factors, you may choose the technology that corresponds to your project scope demands. 

Time to market  –

This is indeed a very important property for any project, and it depends on various aspects such as available libraries, 3rd party integration abilities, documentation, and availability of expert resources, that can accelerate the time-to-market for your software development project.

You must choose the technology that allows you to write shortcodes, debug faster, reduce redundant functions, and improve code reusability. 


This parameter is prominent as software projects are becoming more complex and scaled with time. Code and Data Security is important for any software product and it must cover both server-side and client-side components of your software.

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On one hand, we have .Net which is considered more robust and secure due to its unified ecosystem. Whereas Java lags here due to dependency on 3rd party solutions and licensing issues, which makes it slightly more vulnerable to security threats.


Your project must ensure its technology stack supports its scalability in the future. It could be either vertical scalability, which supports the addition and modification of new features, or horizontal scalability which allows the addition of computing units for your software.

You must always remember that scalability requirements are directly proportional to the complexity of your project. You must assess both the technologies and select the one which supports the scalability potential of your enterprise-grade system.

.Net vs Java- Which one is best for Enterprise Software Development? 

Enterprise software is a complex system that comprises multiple technology stacks, frameworks, and modern technologies, that allow end-user and various teams to achieve similar results.

Software Development company

Every enterprise project is unique in terms of expected performance, user experience, and long-term objectives. It is necessary to gauge each perilous feature to comprehend which software development technology may fit your project requirements- .Net or Java. 

.NET is the best fit to develop the following type of Enterprise software solutions:

  • Scaled enterprise platforms with complex GUI
  • Dynamic Web applications and websites 
  • Client applications
  • Gaming solutions 

Java is the best fit to develop the following type of Enterprise software solutions :

  • Scaled governmental solutions with complex and legacy code 
  • iOS and Android mobile applications 
  • Multi-platform applications with a massive user base and heavy content
  • Multi-user utility software
  • IoT based applications and Embedded

Software Development

Final Words

At first glance, it appears tough to compare .net vs Java, since the .Net development is a full-fledged framework and Java is a typical programming language. However, we have seen the usage of Java as a development framework, which offers support to programming languages such as Python and Ruby.

Both .Net and Java technologies offer a plethora of features and functionalities, that can help you build high-quality and complex enterprise-grade software. While .Net development better performance along with a highly efficient toolkit to develop complex modules and enthralling UI/UX, on the other hand, Java enjoys massive community support, strong documentation, and a wider talent pool, that helps in the development of robust and scaled enterprise-grade software.

We hope you have got the necessary insight into both the software development technologies. However, if you are still not certain about the technology that fits your software project, then never hesitate to contact Arka Softwares. Our seasoned consultants can assist you to make the right decision, that can drive your software development project in the right direction. 

Satyam Chaturvedi

Satyam Chaturvedi is a Digital Marketing Manager at Arka Softwares, a leading app development company dealing in modern and futuristic solutions. He loves to spend his time studying the latest market insights.

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