Flutter vs React Native – Which One is Better in 2023?

Flutter vs React Native

Digital Transformation has been exponentially rising due to the emergence of mobile app development. All your desired products and services are entailed within a single mobile app, and they are simply one click away from you.

However, this has raised one of the biggest debates among mobile app developers i.e., Flutter vs React Native, which is the better mobile app development technology in 2023.

Both Flutter and React Native are renowned cross-platform app development technologies, and both have garnered massive popularity and acceptance in such a short span.

Flutter and React Native enables you to use a single code base for applications that can function on multiple platforms, such as iOS and Android. This has helped organizations to develop applications quickly with less coding and at a considerably lower budget.

 

Flutter vs React Native: Introduction

Let’s cover a basic introduction to Flutter and React Native.

What is Flutter?

It is an open-source technology framework developed and introduced by Google in December 2018.  It can be used to build native applications for both iOS and Android platforms. Flutter offers an exceptional combination of high performance and ease of development while preserving visual uniformity.

Dart is the standard programming language for Flutter, which was intended to replace JavaScript. Since Flutter supports the development of cross-platform apps using a single codebase, it allows developers to build applications for web, mobile, and desktop using a single toolset.

Flutter is highly popular among developer communities and enterprises because Flutter apps are easy to navigate and intuitive.

Popular applications or websites developed with Flutter

Popular applications developed with Flutter

How does Flutter work?

The Flutter framework consists of a flutter engine, widgets, and a foundation library. Flutter uses a declarative UI writing approach, where developers need to initiate from the end.

That means, developers must envision the UI before initiating the Flutter app development work, and then they must develop the user interface by using a combination of numerous available widgets.

Features of Flutter

Features of Flutter

  • Offers high-performance apps.
  • Reactive and Modern framework.
  • Uses Dart language, which is slightly easy to learn.
  • Allows rapid app development.
  • Offers a wide range of widgets.
  • Executes similar user interfaces for multiple platforms.
  • Fluid and Captivating UI/UX.

 

Read Also: Flutter 3: Updates about the Latest Features

 

Pros and Cons of Flutter

Pros and Cons of Flutter

Pros of Flutter:

Hot reload:

Flutter allows the developers to see implemented code changes in real time. It eventually saves time and effort which improves productivity and efficiency. It also allows developers to break off the code execution, make necessary changes and continue programming from the same instance.

Wide Range of Widgets:

Flutter offers a wide range of ready-made and highly customizable widgets to accomplish a variety of functions. These widgets are based on google architecture; hence they offer better performance and code quality in comparison to other open-source frameworks.

Minimal Coding: 

Flutter allows developers to write the code using Dart programming language, which is directly compiled into the ARM code of mobile devices accelerating the application launch and improving their performance. Flutter eases the pressure on developers via its native codebase and 3rd party integration capabilities.

Captivating User Interface:

The primary objective of Flutter was to offer a platform to develop bespoke apps with ease. However, Flutter offers you the ability to develop a captivating and immersive user interface, which enables you to offer a pleasant experience to your users.

Cons of Flutter:

Large File Size: 

Flutter applications usually have large file sizes. Mobile devices have space constraints and with every increasing app size and user data, they may run out of space. This is where Flutter apps lack and result in a lack of performance and storage space.

No 3rd party libraries:

3rd party libraries allow developers to integrate additional features and functionalities that are open-source, freely available, and pre-tested. As Flutter is a comparatively new platform in the market, it offers limited options for 3rd party libraries and packages.

Skill Requirement:

Although, Dart is an easier programming language to learn, it does need developers to gather adequate expertise in DART first. This needs additional efforts of learning, which may increase the cost and time for any mobile app development.

Challenges with DART Coding:

Though Dart is a capable programming language, sometimes it is unable to resolve modern programming challenges. However, you can always overcome such challenges with the usage of other programming languages like C++, C#, Java, or Objective-C.

 

When to use Flutter?      

  • If your developers are confident enough with Dart language.
  • If you are planning to develop and customize apps rapidly with the help of flutter widgets.
  • If you desire to detect and resolve software bugs at earlier development stages.
  • If you want to build applications with captivating UI/UX.
  • If you want your apps to work seamlessly without thinking about their sizes and capacity.

 

Flutter Development Company

 

What is React Native?

React Native is an immensely popular JavaScript-based mobile app development framework. It allows the seamless development of natively rendered mobile apps for both iOS and Android platforms using the same codebase.

React Native Framework is an open-source project developed and launched by Facebook in 2015. In such a short span, it has become one of the most popular mobile app development solutions in the tech world.

Since the developers need to code just once, it allows them to develop apps quickly with fewer resources.

 

Popular applications or websites developed with React Native

Popular applications developed with React Native

How does React Native work?

React native is a perfect blend of JXL and JavaScript. This app development framework offers the exceptional capability to communicate with both native app threads and JavaScript-based threads.

React Native runs on the native components and views, instead of rendering web views on its code. It ensures bi-directional communication by bridging between native and JavaScript threads.

 

Features of React Native

Features of React Native

  • Write Once and Use Everywhere
  • Highly focussed on User Interface development
  • Wider Developer community support
  • Trusted and Tried solutions
  • Reduces development time
  • Massive support for 3rd party libraries
  • NPM for Installing packages

 

Read Also: React vs React Native: Which One to Choose?

 

Pros and Cons of React Native

Pros and Cons of React Native

Pros of React Native

Modular Architecture:

React Native is built upon a modular architecture and imbibes a seamless design language, which allows developers to update or upgrade the apps almost instantly. It also allows developers to rebuild or update existing projects and enables testers to build adequate test scenarios in no time.

Optimum Performance:

React Native works together with Android and native iOS components to produce native API codes that are autonomous of any type of interference. It uses distinct threads from UIs and native APIs, which results in enhanced app performance.

Simplified User Interface:

React native offers an extremely simple and uncomplicated user interface to the developers. It uses an open-source architecture, that enables developers to keep the UI/UX as a focal point. Applications built with React Native have a more responsive and seamless user interface, which takes applications way less time to load.

Live and Hot reloading:

The feature enables developers to make changes and view them in real time without recompiling the application. This feature allows development teams to build applications quickly and result in less time to market.

Cons of React Native

Difficult to develop a cross-platform team:

As React Native is a cross-platform technology, the development team must be well versed with both native technologies (UX/CI technologies) and www technologies (React and Java). Most of the time it is cumbersome to develop a capable team that can cater to the challenges that may arise while developing cross-platform apps.

Poor Documentation:

The React Native documentation is inadequately maintained. The documents are not self-explanatory, even the usual installation and configuration steps are not explained adequately. Apart from that, React Native doesn’t have official documentation for (CI/CD).

Debugging and Compatibility issues:

React Native is still in the beta phase even so many years after its launch. It has been developed using C/C++, Java, and JavaScript but developers still face debugging and compatibility issues. Although you can overcome such issues by integrating Flipper, which provides a wide range of debugging tools.

Immature framework:

 React Native has witnessed numerous continuous advancements in recent times, which makes it tough for developers to adapt and adjust to the changes. React Native has indeed lost its credibility in the aspiration to become the fastest app development framework.

When to use React Native?

  • If you want to customize your applications with the help of an extensive set of JavaScript libraries.
  • If your applications demand different designs and architectures for a different set of platforms.
  • If you have an adequate number of seasoned JavaScript developers, then it is the best idea to use React Native to develop cross-platform apps.
  • It is comparatively easy to learn and utilize JavaScript when compared to the Dart language.
  • If you want to develop or reuse customer elements across multiple apps.

 

React Native Development

 

Flutter vs React Native – Quick Facts

Here we have some quick facts about both platforms before diving deep into other important aspects:

Parameters Flutter React Native
Definition It is a portable UI kit for developing native apps across mobile, web, and desktop platforms using a single codebase. It is a framework utilized for developing native applications.
Release Date 2018 2015
Creator Google Facebook
Popularity (GitHub Stars) 134K 100K
Programming Language Dart JavaScript
Hot Reload Supported Supported
Native Performance Excellent Excellent
Architecture BLOC Redux and Flux
Ecosystem Growing Matured
Component Adaptiveness Non-Adaptive Automatically adaptive

 

Flutter vs React Native – Differences

Flutter vs React Native is a long-going battle, which is likely to last for many years to come. at least several years to come. As an app developer or an entrepreneur, it is very much normal to be in a dilemma while selecting either Flutter or React Native for your mobile application development requirements.

If you want to make a decision, then you need to understand the differences between the two. Here we have listed some important differences between the platforms based on numerous aspects. So, here it goes:

Parameters Flutter React Native
Programming Language Flutter uses Dart programming language. This language was developed by Google, and it is known for faster UI rendering in browsers. React Native uses JavaScript language, which is undoubtedly one of the most popular programming languages in the world.
Architecture It has a layered architecture, which utilizes the Skia graphics engine. It encompasses the unidirectional data flow, which is highly inspired by RefluxJS. React Native offers an application location architecture, known as Flux. React Native architecture uses a JavaScript Bridge component to compile the JavaScript code into Native code in real time.
Installation and Setup The installation, setup, and configuration processes are quite seamless if we compare them with React Native. React Native doesn’t offer a quick-to-install framework, instead, it is slightly complex and time taking. You need to remain patient while configuring the React Native environment.
Learning Curve Learning Dart language is easy for developers, as it is quite different from JavaScript, Java, C++, and other popular languages. However, once you learn it, then working with Flutter becomes very easy. JavaScript is comparatively easy to learn. JavaScript is one of the most popular and widely used programming languages in the world. However, it is slightly challenging for developers to learn it and transition from web application development to mobile app development using JavaScript.
Time to build applications It offers a hot reload feature, which enables developers to check code changes in real-time, which accelerates the app development process. Flutter also offers a plethora of widgets, that lead to rapid app development. React Native also ensures rapid cross-platform mobile app development. Although the hot-reloading feature of React Native is not as efficient as seen in Flutter.
Performance Flutter comprises many native components that ensure your cross-platform applications work efficiently and flawlessly. It uses JavaScript Bridge to establish communication between the native components, which impacts the performance of cross-platform applications. In mobile applications, the JavaScript code is transformed into the native code before compilation, which takes time and impacts the app’s performance.
Code Maintenance The code of Flutter applications is quite simple; hence it is easier to maintain it. You can also use external debugging tools to maintain and debug the code with ease. On the other hand, it is slightly difficult to debug and maintain the React Native code. You may encounter compatibility issues due to the usage of 3rd party libraries.
Suitability for Scaled and Complex app development Flutter is not yet capable of building scaled and complex apps. As such apps demand vast features and functionalities along with extensive customization, Flutter isn’t a suitable choice here. React Native is more suitable for building scaled and complex applications. However, it needs software developers to acquire knowledge of both JavaScript and Native development approaches.
Community Support As Flutter is new in the market, the developer community is still in a nascent stage. We must mention that community support has been improved a lot in recent times, it is effective and quick now. React Native enjoys the support of a massive developer community. Thousands of experts remain eager to assist budding developers with their knowledge and expertise.

 

Flutter vs React Native – Key Takeaways

Both React Native and Flutter have emerged as the most popular and widely used cross-platform app development frameworks in the world.

Even though both frameworks are new if we compare them with their contemporaries, developers and app owners are receiving them with open arms.

At the same time, we can witness an ongoing battle between both frameworks, as both have proved their worth and utility in the market. In this blog, we have solely focused on various aspects of Flutter and React Native such as features, use cases, and pros and cons to name a few.

These facts will certainly help you to determine the best framework for you, which can help you avail of the intended business value.

We would also like to add that Flutter is a new kid on the block. However, Facebook is putting strenuous efforts to improve the capabilities and agility of its cross-platform development framework.

Hence, we can say that we may have to wait for a few more years to conclude which app development framework wins the discussion of React Native vs Flutter.

 

Conclusion

Flutter vs React Native is a long going debate in the tech world. As we are at the onset of 2023, it is important to understand which app development framework can help you fulfill your business-specific requirements.

Although, the use cases of both Flutter and React Native is more or less the same, we do have numerous factors which can influence your decision while selecting a specific app development framework.

For instance, if you are planning to build complex mobile apps with numerous features and capabilities, then you must not look further than React Native.

On the other hand, if you are planning to develop cross-platform mobile apps rapidly, which can offer a native-like experience, then Flutter must be your ideal contender for app development requirements.

If you are still in the dilemma, then please feel free to get in touch with our seasoned software consultants for any advice. We are a renowned mobile app development company with more than a decade long industry experience. We can certainly help you shape your unique app idea into a promising reality.

 

FAQs – Flutter vs React Native

  • Is Flutter better than React Native?

    Well, this is true up to a great extent. Flutter is very easy to use, and it remains more resistant to frequent updates. It means that when Android or iOS operating systems get any updates, the application remains the same. On the other hand, React Native relies heavily on native elements, so whenever the operating system gets any update, your application may encounter some sort of problems.

  • Is Flutter used for User Interface (UI) only?

    Flutter is a frontend SDK, which is also known as UI plus business logic. People often misunderstood that Dart is used for the backend, but on contrary, Dart is used for frontend logic only, hence we can say that Flutter is purely a frontend SDK.

  • Which has more job prospects React Native or Flutter?

    React Native uses one of the most popular development languages, that is JavaScript. React Native enjoys the support of the JavaScript community, which gives it a sizeable advantage over Flutter when it comes to job prospects.

  • How React Native code is compiled?

    As we know, React Native utilizes JavaScript to compile the user interface of an application, but it also uses native-OS views. To incorporate additional features, React Native allows code compilation in OS-native languages (Kotlin and Java for Android and Objective-C and Swift for iOS).

  • What cannot be accomplished using Flutter?

    Flutter can’t be used to develop an application for WatchOS, tvOS, Android Auto, or CarPlay. Flutter offers very limited support for Wear OS, which was formerly known as Android Wear. You must integrate Bit code support for Flutter to deploy to WatchOS and tvOS. It is necessary to use an alternative framework or native code to develop applications on these platforms.

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