The Healthcare sector is bearing the fruits of Technology usage and massive digitalization in the last couple of decades.
People must have experienced a situation when they used to visit a physician for consultation and get confused with the prescription slip or medicine receipt, as they were unable to read even a single word due to the bad handwriting of the doctor.
Well, this has been the past now, as most hospitals and healthcare service providers have already implemented an Electronic Health Record (EHR) system to manage patient records and other information.
For better medical treatment and documentation, hospitals have started using Personal Health Records (PHR) and Electronic Medical Records (EMR).
The definitions of these health record terms are quite complex for a layman person, once the kind of data, users, security protocols and settings, and backend technology. Also, these terms have different sort of definitions and understandings all around the world, which creates a lot of confusion, both inside and outside the healthcare industry.
However, the fact of the matter is that once these definitional barriers are broken, you may find a lot of commonalities in these terms. If you are planning to develop an electronic, medical, or patient health record system, you must read this article.
We will give a detailed description of these terms EMR, HER, and PHR, along with a detailed description of various types of health records, their comparison, along with some handy tips on what type of records you must use for your healthcare service organization.
It is an electronic record of the medical care treatment of a patient, be it an in-patient or out-patient. EMR is a digital equivalent of usual paper documents or charts at a hospital or clinic, that contains general information such as patient details, treatment details, medical history of the patient, and other vital information collected by the medical practice.
These medical records are owned by a specific healthcare service provider or the hospital. EMR is generally collected for internal usage and it remains inside the medical practice, until and unless there is an exceptional or legal situation.
As far as the Technology aspect is concerned, the software is an integral part of an EMR system, which establishes good coordination between different procedures, and departments. EMR software takes care of the reception and transfer of information between different departments while keeping the information secure and protected.
EMR offers a plethora of benefits to Healthcare organizations and patients.
Healthcare services providers always keep looking for methods to reduce their operational overheads, save time and keep their focus on patient care and treatment procedures.
An EHR serves this purpose and helps them eliminate a great deal of paperwork and reduces the time taken by healthcare staff to fetch the patient’s record and several other vital information. The EHR offers important information to healthcare workers.
Even HealthIT.gov lauds the EHR system as it has stated that around 80% of healthcare service providers using EHRs have observed a sizeable improvement in their productivity and process efficiency. Almost 75% of service provider has stated that EHRs helps them to receive laboratory results way quicker than before. The doctors can give e-Prescriptions, which saves a lot of time.
The EHR is almost like the EMR, but, the scope of EHR is more than the recording of normal clinical data in a hospital. EHR represents collective health data from all the doctors, specialists, laboratory technicians, or clinicians who have contributed to the patient’s diagnosis and treatment.
This detailed health record document could be shared with other healthcare service providers. EHR is developed by a healthcare service provider, but it is a more patient-centric entity, that is more useful as far as patient diagnosis and treatment are concerned.
As the name suggests, PHR is managed and handled by the patients themselves. It allows them to maintain a log of their health conditions, medical history, treatment information, medications given, allergies, and a lot more information. These medical records are either generated by the patients themselves or could be by the healthcare service providers, for personal use or patient engagement purpose, respectively.
The PHR system allows patients to have an active involvement in their medical care process, this also empowers them to make the right decisions as they have all the vital information at their disposal.
PHR works on the same lines as the EHR system, as patients can share their medical information with their doctors and healthcare professionals whenever required. The PHR record consists of clinical information from physician consultations, diagnostic and laboratory reports, data from monitoring devices, and wearable activity trackers.
PHR offers an effective and efficient method for a patient to stay engaged and manage their ongoing treatment. PHR system offers many benefits that include:
Though the EMR, EHR, and PHR are different, they do offer some similarities among themselves. Here are a few commonalities in these systems.
Well, this is among the biggest confusion among the people, as they are not aware of the difference between EMR, EHR, and PHR. To offer you a better picture, we have compared these systems using the 3 vital parameters, end-user, the type of information they include, and last but not the least, the ability to access this information by others.
|End-user||Only Medical professionals in one specific department can use it||Doctors across different hospitals, laboratory professionals, pharmacy experts, and patients can use it||This is used only by the Patients|
|Type of information||It contains information about the Medical history, past prescriptions, and current healthcare conditions||It contains the Electronic records of healthcare-related information of a patient||It includes the information keyed in by the patients themselves along with the data from other sources such as laboratories, diagnostics, and pharmacies|
|Information Access||EMR can be generated, fetched, consulted, and managed by authorized healthcare professionals within a single healthcare organization or a hospital||EHR can be generated, fetched, consulted, and managed by authorized healthcare professionals from multiple healthcare organizations or hospital||PHR can be generated, fetched, and managed by the patients.|
If you want to develop software for healthcare practice, then check these aspects.
As the healthcare sector has started embracing the technology, most healthcare service providers have started utilizing EMR systems aggressively to store and manage their patient’s data.
However, there is still a scope to improve health record management, and innovative methods should be employed to improve the health data exchange between different healthcare entities to address the data security concerns.
Many Government and Public organizations have started using EHR systems, as it has proved their worth and assured mutual benefits for both service providers and patients. EHR is transparent in nature, it has also fixed many gaps in EMR-based systems.
EHR system has proved its worth as far as decision-making is concerned, it offers a better understanding of a patient’s health condition and medical history, which helps a healthcare specialist to take the correct course of treatment.
PHR (Personal Health Records) is also moving steps ahead to ensure the meaningful use of patient health data so that healthcare service providers can avail of various benefits. PHR offers all benefits of EHR, such as patient engagement, so that they can manage and own their own data.
PHR offers doctors a better insight into patient health, which may be out of the purview of the hospital or the healthcare service provider, which allows them to have a better understanding of patient health, which helps them to offer better treatment and improve the health outcomes.
Electronic health record systems are helping doctors and clinicians to enhance the quality of healthcare services. It also allows governments to improve public health decisions and address the healthcare challenges of sections of our society.
Here technology plays a big role and even the physicians and other healthcare staff will be evaluated on their clinical expertise as well as their technological competence.
In the future, the quality of healthcare services will be decided by the combination of physicians’ expertise, access to medical records, as well as decision-making capabilities.
We are moving from a traditional healthcare system to an interoperable and technology-abled healthcare ecosystem, where doctors, diagnosticians, and patients can share information, records, and facts to ensure dramatic improvements in patient care.
We are sure that the above information may help you to gain a better understanding of the EMR, EHR & PHR. All of them are known for their great contribution to the healthcare service sector and are well appreciated by healthcare services professionals and patients with the same rigor.
In case, you are interested in getting developed such an electronic record-based system for your healthcare facility, then you may get in touch with us, as we are experienced firms that excel in this arena and are keen to offer amazing outcomes.
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