Source : Stackoverflow
In layman terms, a framework is a structure underlying a software system, which provides the generic functionality, and top of that it offers the flexibility to make changes by additional developer-written code, to address the end-users’ requirements and specifications.
We will provide a brief introduction of these Frameworks, along with their functional advantages, a disadvantage from a developer’s perspective, which may help you to choose the right Framework.
1. React JS
Features of React.js
It’s a pathbreaking element of React.js, which provides a non-conventional and highly effective way of updating the view in a web application. Whenever an underlying data changes, it creates a new Virtual DOM element of the user interface. It’s a fact that rendering the Virtual DOM is always faster than rendering the user interface in the browser DOM, hence it increases the speed of rendering manifold.
Declarative and Component-based approach:
It offers a Declarative approach, which makes code easily readable and quite easy to debug and re-process, which helps developers update and render the only necessary components whenever there is any change in the Data. React divides the entire webpage into several self-contained modules which are known as ‘Components’. These components are used to define the Interactive and Visual elements of the end User interface. Its component-based mechanism helps Developers to create and manage the user interface in a better way.
React offers a fully-fledged W3C object model event system, which provides a cross-browser interface to an event, which enhances the handling of even for the non-compatible events. React events are named using the Camel Case, rather than the usual lowercase method. Developers can pass a function as an event handler rather than a String.
Code stability and Less prone to errors :
It offers Unidirectional directional data flow architecture which gives it an edge over the Angular, which adopts 2-directional data binding process. This architecture offers the capability of making changes in the child elements without affecting the parent element. It makes the code less prone to error and enhances stability as well.
React is unarguably the most SEO friendly frameworks currently available in the market. It enables developers to design web pages with better and high compatibility with the vast variety of search engine crawlers.
Renowned Websites developed using React –
Facebook, Cloudflare, Airbnb, Dropbox, GitHub, Instagram, Netflix, PayPal, Twitter and Uber.
2. Vue Js
Features of Vue.js
Extremely simple and lightweight:
Vue.js is extremely simple as far as its design and Application Programming Interface is concerned. On top of that, it has a surprising small size (approx. 20 Kilobytes) which lighter than all its rivals. It is so simple that a developer can build a simple web or mobile application in a few hours.
In-Built MVC :
It has an out of the box Model View and Controller design pattern, that helps developers to configure it quite easily unlike its rivals.
This feature of Vue helps Developers to assign values to web component attributes, assign classes, and change the style.
Cascading Style Sheets Transitions:
Vue offers multiple methods to apply CSS transitions to HTML elements. It also has an additional capability of implementing animations to several web components.
Vue.js offers HTML templates which help in binding the Document Object Model with the Vue.js instance data. It helps developers to use the template of the render functions to perform rendering function.
Faster Integration capabilities:
Vue offers an extremely fast integration capability and it helps developers to integrate the newly developed web components into existing web applications without experiencing any integration issues.
Easy to learn:
Vue is extremely easy to learn for the developers, it doesn’t require to learn JSX or Typescript, as in other rival Frameworks.
Renowned Websites developed using Vue.js:
Adobe, Trivago, Zoom, BMW, Gitlab, Louis Vuitton, Nintendo, Pluralsight, Trustpilot, and Upwork.
3. Angular JS
Features of Angular.js
Innovative Code Generation capabilities:
Angular has the capability to load only that code to render which has been requested by the end user. It implements automatic code-splitting, which ensures the quick loading of applications and web pages developed via Angular.
Seamless Third-party integrations:
It has a massive collection of third-party integrations tools, which enhance the capability of an Application developer to integrate 3rd Party tools and features to improve the quality of an application.
Support for Desktop based application:
This is one of the biggest advantages of Angular. It offers flexibility use common Angular methods to develop Desktop applications across multiple platforms and it also has an unmatched ability to access native Operating System Application Programming Interfaces.
Transitions and Animation:
Angular supports creation of high-performance, immersive transition effects and animation with very little code via it’s wonderful application programming interface.
Global Community Support:
This is one area where Angular is way ahead of its rivals. It enjoys massive support of Google along with a constant contribution from global developer community. Angular has unarguably the largest documentation along with a massive library contains vast number of resources, which comes handy to the Application Developers.
Renowned Websites developed using Angular.js:
Google, IBM, Deutsche Bank, Freelancer, Forbes, IBM, Microsoft Office, Upwork, Walmart, Xbox and YouTube.
4. Preact JS
Just like React, this is a library, instead of a full-fledged framework. As far as size is concerned, it is hardly 3kb in size, but it still offers its functions. It is also a product of Google, with addition and removal of few functionalities of React. It offers a component-based mechanism along with Virtual Dom and at the same time it is compatible with React. It can even use React packages without compromising on speed, performance, and leaner size. In instances where full potential of React isn’t necessary, most developers even use React during development and switch to Preact for production. Many major companies like Tencent, Uber, and Lyft are using Preact.
Features of Preact.js
If it comes to Memory usage, then Preact wins hands down as it had optimized the functions in such a way that its garbage collector put less effort.
Compatibility with other Frameworks:
As discussed earlier, Preact uses the same ES6 API as React. This means the developers can easily switch to Preact from React in an existing project during production.
Preact.js has an ultra-small size of just 3kb and it has a unique distinction of being the smallest library or framework ever existed. However, when it comes to performance, it surprises with its unbelievable rendering abilities.
Powerful Command-line interface:
It offers a powerful command-line interface tool, which helps developers to create and manage the projects without any hassles.
Link State module:
Preact has a distinct ability to optimize the state changes, which his known as Link State module. It returns a handle function when passed in an event updates component state change automatically.
Renowned Websites developed using Angular:
Dailymotion, Dominos, Financial Times, Housing.com, Pepsi, Rocket Chat, Tencent and Treebo.
5. Ember JS
Features of Ember.js
Powerful Ember Command-line interface:
It’s one of its own kind of command-line interface, which helps developers to create and manage the projects, creating several components and controllers using automation. It also offers support to install and integrate 3rd party dependencies.
Backward Compatibility with previous versions:
It offers backward compatibility with previous version, another big feature that helps developers a lot.
Simple Application programming interface:
Ember offers one of the simplest mechanisms to work seamlessly with different application programming interfaces.
Convention over Configuration Philosophy:
Ember works on the philosophy of “ Convention over Configuration” , which ensures that Developers have not to think about any configuration in most cases, and they can work on coding and develop the web application.
Massive Documentation and Community support:
It enjoy the availability of huge documentation and tutorials ,which can help a novice to get started easily.
Inbuilt Inspector Tool:
It is equipped with an Inspector tool extension for different browsers, which enables real-time monitoring and modification of applications.
2 Way Data Binding:
Ember offers Bi-directional data binding.
Renowned Websites developed using Ember:
LinkedIn, Netflix, TED, Microsoft, Skylight, Square, Yahoo, Twitch and Zendesk.
1. Express JS
Features of Express.js
It has simplified and accelerated web application development using Node.js.
Integration with databases:
It offers end-to-end connectivity with all renowned databases like MySQL, Redis or MongoDB.
It is in the market for almost 10 years and enjoys massive community support with thousands of contributors on GitHub.
Well written documentation:
Express JS development has a unique distinction of having a wonderfully written documentation and other support resources.
Express offers usage of multiple Middleware calls, which are used to execute code, making updates in objects or requests.
Powerful routing mechanism:
It offers a powerful routing mechanism, through which developers can define specific routes based on given URLs and HTTP functions.
Seamless Integration with Template engines:
Express enjoys a seamless integration capability with several template engines like EJS, HAML, and Pug.
It offers seamless backward compatibility with all the previous versions, which helps developers to work on all the versions without much of challenges.
Renowned Websites developed using Express.js:
Accenture, IBM, Nike, Myntra, Coursera, Fox, GoDaddy, Sony PlayStation, Twitter and Yandex.
2. Next JS
It is an end-to-end server-end rendering framework which derives its origin from React. It is based on the philosophy of “Build once, runs everywhere”, which gives it an ability to develop universal applications, which can be operated on Mobile, Desktop or on Web. It also offers static generators.
Features of Next JS
Automatic code splitting:
Whenever Next.js detect any changes, it immediately reloads the page.
Highly SEO friendly:
Next.js with its server-side rendering abilities, offers a wonderful end-to-end SEO integration and performance. It allows creating the dynamic meta tags and put them in the head section, which helps in SEO optimization.
Exceptional Server-Side Rendering:
Universal Deploy capabilities:
This is an extremely handy feature, as it allows developed to build small static websites and huge enterprise level applications at the same time. It also supports development of web applications, desktop apps, mobile apps and progressive web applications too.
Renowned Websites developed using Next.js:
Binance, Coinbase, GitHub, Docker, Netflix, Starbucks, Tencent, Twitch and Uber.
3. Gatsby JS
It was launched in 2015, and it is not known for performing server-end rendering. It rather generates HTML based content at the client’s end, which helps it executing the code at a faster rate. It also offers strong security features and seamless SEO performance. It comes with multiple plugins that help developers to add enhanced functionalities in the project.
Features of Gatsby JS
It offers strong and implicit security features, that is independent of server or database.
Supports Progressive Web App Out-of-the-box:
It offers an out of the box support for Progressive Web applications, it can convert any website into full-fledged Progressive Web App, which can provide an amazing experience to the end user.
Supports Multiple Data sources:
This is one of the most important features of Gatsby, it offers capability to support multiple data sources like Drupal, Trello, WordPress, Netlify, Contentful, and Stripe etc.
It compiles and optimize the code using the pre-fetching and lazy loading mechanism and, in the process, it ensures high level of performance of website and the applications.
Gatsby generates Static content, which is quite easily readable by most of the Search engine crawlers, it also offers no hindrance like its rivals, which makes it highly SEO friendly framework.
Availability of Plugins:
Gatsby enjoys availability of multiple plugins, which provide developers an additional ability to use them to perform specific tasks like adding google analytics, Image optimization, caching or even creating sitemaps. This feature makes work of developers very easy and they can add functionalities without writing additional codes.
Renowned Websites developed using Gatsby:
Braun, Airbnb, Fabric, Flamingo, Nike, PayPal, Hopper, React and Snapkit.
Features of Jest
Fast and Reliable:
It assigns a unique global state for all the tests and thus it ensures running multiple tests in parallel. It always runs the previously failed tests first, which helps developers to mitigate any earlier errors. It also offers an ability to re-organizes runs based on the time taken by the test files. These features make it fast and reliable testing framework.
Code Coverage Flag:
Jest offers code coverage capability by adding a simple flag ‘Coverage’. For this we don’t need any additional setup or configuration changes. It helps Jest to collect code coverage information from entire projects, even from the untested files. Isn’t this exciting?
Quick and Correct results:
Renowned Websites developed using Jest:
Bla Bla Car, Airbnb, Facebook, Instagram, Spotify, Intuit, Stack, The New York Times and Twitter.
Features of Mocha
Multiple installation methods:
Mocha JS could be installed in multiple ways per project’s needs. It could be installed either locally or globally by running simple commands. Even at Client’s end Mocha can be installed by running specific commands.
Supports Asynchronous testing:
It supports asynchronous testing and has features to make it easy to perform asynchronous testing for the code. Testers must invoke the callback once the test if completed, and synchronous testing could be enhanced by omitting the callback. It also offers a capability of writing an asynchronous code using async/await command.
TDD and BDD support:
Unlike its rivals, the Mocha supports both Mocha both Test Driven Development and Behavior Driven Development environments.
It runs in Web Browser:
This is the biggest strength of Mocha; it is highly compatible with all major web browsers. Hence, Testers can run Mocha on every web browser available in the market.
Renowned Websites developed using Mocha:
Algolia, Clay, Accenture, Codefirst, Coursera, Principal, Triple Byte, Typeform, Webflow and Yahoo.
Rahul Mathur is the founder and managing director of ARKA Softwares, a company renowned for its outstanding mobile app development and web development solutions as well as specialized in Android and iOS app development. Delivering high-end modern solutions to all over the globe, Rahul takes pleasure in sharing his experiences and views on the latest technological trends.